The Zavod imeni Likhachova-130 ("Factory named for Likhachov, [model] 130") is a truck developed in the Soviet Union. It was developed as a prototype from 1958-1962, first produced in 1962, and mass-produced from 1964 to 1994. It continues to be used to this day as a civilian vehicle.
Many of the ZIL-130 trucks in the zone are rusted down from the elements. Most were probably left behind by the original inhabitants of Chernobyl.
- The factory was named ZiS (Zavod imeni Stalina; "Stalin's Factory") from 1931 to 1956, after dictator Josef Stalin (General Party Secretary from 1922-1953). It was renamed Zavod imeni Likhachova (ZIL) in 1956 after Ivan Alekseevich Likhachev, a former factory director.
- The ZIL-130 became the first ZIL truck painted in civil white and blue colors. Before this model virtually all ZIL trucks were painted in khaki military colors.
- In 1995 the design was sold to the GAZ (Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod; Russian: "Gorky Automobile Factory") group. Production was transferred to the Urals Auto Motor Plant (UamZ), a GAZ sub-company, where it is currently manufactured as the UamZ-43140.